Hades by Alayana
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HADES PAGE ONE
Hades (also known in Greek as Aides) is Zeus' brother and ruler of
the Underworld and the dead. He was also called Pluto - God of
Wealth - because all the precious metals buried deep in the earth
were in his kingdom.
Hence, all the gold, diamonds, gems and rubies in existence were
the property of Hades - that's one rich dude! Made him real
popular with the ladies, no doubt.
Another reason that the people called him Pluto is because they
did not like to pronounce the dreaded name of Hades or Aides.
The ancients thought that if they uttered his name, he would
hear them and come for their souls.
They preferred to call him Pluto, the more benign 'Giver
The name Pluto was used by both the Greeks and the Romans, and
it translates into Latin as Dis - "Rich". The Romans also
substituted Orcus and Tartarus as synonymous to Pluto.
Although Hades was an Olympian, he spent most of the time in his
dark castle in the Underworld. This Lord of Hell, who was
formidable in battle, proved his ferociousness in the famous
battle of the Olympians versus the Titans, which established the
rule of Zeus.
His father was the Titan Cronus, ruler of the universe, and his
mother was Rhea. Cronus had a bad habit of eating his kids as
they were born!
The Titan Cronus had been warned by an oracle that one of his
children would grow up to overthrow him, just as he had done to
his father, Uranus.
Fearful of meeting the same fate as his father, Cronus would
swallow his children alive, as they were born to his wife, Rhea.
This made Rhea angry, so when Zeus was born, instead of the baby
she presented Cronus with a large stone wrapped in baby
The Titan Cronus swallowed the stone and thought himself safe,
but when Zeus grew up, with the help of his mother and Metis he
made Cronus disgorge his swallowed siblings and declared war on
Wearing the famous Helmet of Invisibility given to him by the
Cyclops in gratitude for being freed from their prison in
Tartarus, Hades snuck up unseen on his father Cronus.
That was near the end of this ten year war. Assisted by his brother Poseidon, who held Cronus
immobile with his Trident, and his younger brother Zeus, who had
stunned Cronus with a barrage of thunderbolts, Hades managed to
castrate the Titan and thus end his reign.
Following the fall of Cronus, lots were drawn, with Zeus getting
the heavens, Poseidon the seas, and Hades the Underworld, which
was the 'abode of the shades', home to departed souls.
In this epic division of spoils between the brothers, the
earth remained common to all three gods, to be shared evenly.
Because of his dark and morbid personality Hades was not
especially liked by neither his fellow gods, nor the mortals who
lived on earth.
His character is described as "fierce and inexorable", and of
all the gods, he and the god of war, Ares, were the two deities
most feared and hated by mortals.
He was not however an evil god, for although he was stern, cruel
and unpitying, still he was just.
Hades ruled the Underworld and therefore was most often
associated with death and was feared by men, but he was not
Death itself - The actual embodiment of Death was another
(Thanatos was the Greek
personification of death who dwells in the lower world. In
Homer's Iliad he appears as the brother of Hypnos ("Sleep"). The
Greek writer Hesiod makes these two spirits the sons of Nyx, but
they had no father. In the theater Thanatos was sometimes
introduced as a character. His attributes are an inversed torch,
wreath, or butterfly.
(Hypnos is the personification of sleep in
Greek mythology. He is the son of Nyx and Erebus, and the twin
of Thanatos ("death"). Both he and his brother live in the
underworld. He gave Endymion the power of sleeping with open
eyes so he could see his beloved, the moon goddess Selene.
Hypnos is portrayed as a naked young man with wings attached to
his temples, or as a bearded man with wings attached to his
Hades continues on
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